Details of this species in Iowa
Source: USDA, 2002
Species Notes for this Location:
Management Notes for this Location:
Agricultural: Dense stands of the large, spiny plants constitute a barrier to livestock movement, almost totally excluding animals from grazing and access to water (Hooper et al 1970, Sindel 1991, in WSWB, 2003).
Last Modified: 30/12/2003 1:35:32 p.m.