Details of this species in United States (USA)
Source: NAFC 2001; Gyeltshen and Hodges 2005
Species Notes for this Location:
Historically, A. chinensis has entered the United States primarily in imported bonsai and penjing materials (penjing is the Chinese art of creating a miniature landscape in a container) rather than in solid wood packing materials (Lance 2002).
Management Notes for this Location:
The citrus longhorn beetle is given a relative Risk Rating of “Very High Risk” by the North American Forest Commission. It is given an establishment potential of “High Risk”. The insect is likely to establish at most North American ports of entry, especially humid regions. It has a high likelihood of reproducing after entry. Its broad host range ensures that it would easily adapt to trees indigenous to North America (NAFC 2001).
An integrated approach including extensive surveys, surveillance, tree removal, chemical treatment, and regulated movement of potential host plant species out of the quarantine areas is required for a successful citrus longhorn eradication program. Since the citrus longhorn is a regulated pest, any suspect sample should be sent to the local State Department of Agriculture or USDA-APHIS for advice and action. Local Cooperative Extension Services can assist with identification. In Florida, specimens should be submitted to the Division of Plant Industry (Thomas 2004, in Gyeltshen and Hodges 2005).
Economic/Livelihoods: Between 1996 and 2001, control of relatively localized infestations of the Asian longhorn beetle in the United States cost over five million United States dollars. If the citrus longhorn beetle were to be established, America face eradication costs similar to this. The impact on the citrus industry would translate to an increase in market prices for the product due to increased costs of production and relative scarcity of the product (NAFC 2001).
Ecosystem change: This insect has been recorded on pecan, Carya illinoensis, and many other forest trees. It is reasonable to assume that this insect could also reproduce on other Carya spp., walnut, Juglans spp. and other nut producing trees. By reducing numbers of nut-producing trees it may have a negative impact on the fauna that depend on these mast-producing trees (NAFC 2001).
Reduction in native biodiversity: "The Washington State Department of Agriculture declared the following genera (species) of plants as potential hosts for the citrus longhorn beetle (Gyeltshen and Hodges 2005): maples (Acer), silk tree (Albizzia), alders (Alnus), birch (Betula), Camellia, hickory/pecan (Carya), chestnut (Castanea), Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria), wild olive (Elaeagnus), loquat (Eriobotrya japonica), beech (Fagus), fig (Ficus), 'Nagami' kumquat (Fortunella marginata), ash (Fraxinus), mallow (Hibiscus), holly (Ilex), spicebush (Lindera), amur (Maackia), mulberry (Morus), Photinia, sycamore/plane tree (Platanus), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), poplars (Populus), cherry/peach/apricot/plum (Prunus), firethorn (Pyracantha), pears (Pyrus), oaks (Quercus), sumac (Rhus), locust (Robinia), rose (Rosa), blackberry/raspberry (Rubus), willows (Salix), pagoda tee (Sophora), Stransvaesia, and snowbell tree (Styrax).
Last Modified: 13/02/2009 1:49:41 p.m.