Interim profile, incomplete information
Details of this species in Basse-Terre
Source: Lorvelec et al., 2001
Arrival Date: 19 century
Species Notes for this Location:
The population of raccoon in the Bahamas, Barbados and Guadeloupe have long been regarded as endemic to these islands (Procyon minor in Guadeloupe, Procyon maynardi in the Bahamas and Procyon gloveralleni in Barbados). In conservation terms, these populations are recognized as endangered species by IUCN in Guadeloupe, the Bahamas and extinct in Barbados. But the genetic studies of Pons et al. (1999), and the historical, biogeographic and morphological work of Hengel and Wilson (2002-2003) (see also Lorvelec et al., 2007), conclude that Caribbean raccoons can not be distinguished from the North American raccoon Procyon lotor and there is no doubt that these populations were introduced from the eastern United States, perhaps a few centuries ago. Its introduction to Guadeloupe dates from the 19th century. The implications of this work are potentially wide ranging. In light of its exotic origin, the conservation status of raccoons in these islands should be reviewed. Moreover, as alien species, they represent a potential environmental threat to the biodiversity of the islands.
Management Notes for this Location:
The raccoon is very popular with the public and enjoys the status of a "mascot". It is the emblem of the National Park of Guadeloupe. Conflicts of interest are likely to be significan vis-à-vis its management.
Agricultural: The raccoon is a major consumer of fruits, sugar cane and sweet potatoes making it a potential pest for crops.
Predation: The raccoon is suspected of having an impact on herpetofauna and birdlife. According Bon Saint Côme and Tanasi (1994), it feeds on crustaceans, molluscs, fish, birds and Anura.
Last Modified: 6/05/2008 12:15:58 p.m.