aranyhal (Hungarian-Hungary), caras rosu (Romanian), caras-auriu (Romanian), carassin doré (French), carassio dorato (Italian), carpa dorada (Spanish-Mexico), cheisopsaro (Greek), chernyi teleskop (Russian), chrysopsaro (Greek), chryssopsaro (Greek), ciprino dorato (Italian), cyprin doré (French), dorade de Chine (French), edible goldfish (English-Malaysia), funa (Hawaiian), gibel carp (English-Kazakhstan), gold crucian carp (English-Taiwan), golden carp (English-Australia), Goldfisch (German), goldfish (English), goudvis (Dutch-Netherlands), Goudvis (Afrikaans-South Africa), Guldfisk (Swedish-Sweden), guldfisk (Danish), gullfisk (Norwegian), I'a'ula'ula (Hawaiian), ikan mas (Malay), kam tsak (Cantonese-Hong Kong), kam ue (Cantonese-Hong Kong), kapr zlatý (Czech), kaprík zlatý (Czech), karas (Russian-Ukraine), karas cinsky (Czech), karas stríbritý (Czech), karas stribrity vychodoasijsky (Czech), karas vetší (Czech), karas zlatý (Slovak), karas zlocisty (Polish), karas zlocisty a. chinski (Polish), karuss (Norwegian), kin-buna (Japanese), kirmizi balik (Turkish), kultakala (Finnish), mahi-e-hoz (Farsi-Iran), native carp (English-Australia), ngan tsak (Cantonese-Hong Kong), peixe dourado (Portuguese), peixe encarnado (Portuguese), peixe-dourado (Portuguese), pesce dorato (Italian-Italy), pesco rosso (Italian-Switzerland), peshk i kuq (Albanian-Albania), pez dorado (Spanish-Mexico), pez rojo (Spanish-Spain), pimpão (Portuguese-Portugal), poisson rouge (French), serebryanyi karas' (Russian-Russian Fed), sølvkaruds (Danish), sølvkarusse (Danish), tawes (Tagalog-Philippines), tsak ue (Cantonese-Hong Kong), zlatnakarracuda (Bulgarian), zolotaja rybka (Russian-Belarus)
Although small carp can be mistaken for goldfish (C. auratus), carp can be distinguished by having a pair of barbels (whiskers) at each corner of their mouth; they have small eyes, thick lips, a forked tail and a single dorsal (top) fin with strongly serrated spines; the scales are large and thick (NSW Department of Primary Industries 2005).
amur (Italian), amur bialy (Poland), amur biely (Slovak), amur i bardhe (Albanian), amurkarpfen (German), beli amur (Slovenia), belyi amur (Ukraine), bílý amur (Czech), byal amur (Bulgarian), Cá Châm Treng (Vietnamese), carpa China (Spanish), carpa do limo (Portuguese), carpa erbivora (Italian), carpa herbivora (Spanish), carpe de roseau (French), carpe herbivore (French), Chinese carp (English), Chinese graskarper (Dutch), chortofagos kyprinos (Greek), crap-de-iarba (Polish), gardd carp (English), græskarpe (Danish), graskarp (Afrikaans), gräskarp (Sweden), gräskarp (Swedish), graskarpe (Norwegian), graskarpen (Dutch), graskarper (Dutch), graskarpfen (German), grass carp (English), hullu (Kannada), hullugende (Kannada), kap makan rumput (Malay), kap rumput (Malay), Pla Chao Hea (Thai), Pla Chao Heu (Thai), pla van heu (Thai), ruohokarppi (Finland), silver orfe (English), sôgyo (Japanese), tongsan (Malay), trey srokchen (Khmer), waan ue (Cantonese), white amur (English)
The grass carp lacks barbels, is longer and has a much shorter dorsal fin (Aguirre and Poss, 2000).
The common carp can be distinguished from other cyprinids by the heavy and strongly serrate spines in the anterior portion of its dorsal and anal fins, and by the presence two rather long, fleshy barbels on each side of its upper jaw (Douglas, N.H., 1974. In Aguirre and Poss, 2000).